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5    Both pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines have been introduced at the national level in 5 percent of low-income countries, as compared to 42 percent of high-income countries.

 
Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
 
Target: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

 

Large differences in immunization coverage between countries are compounded by disparities within countries. Children living in poorer households are less likely to be immunized; so too are children in rural areas. For example, as of 2010, both pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines have been introduced at the national level in 5 percent of low-income countries, as compared to 42 percent of high-income countries.

In addition to sustaining and increasing the current level of routine vaccination, a key challenge will be to ensure that  new vaccines – such as those against pneumococcal disease and rotavirus – are made available on an equitable basis.

 

Source: WHO, Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, 2010

Reference: http://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Progress_for_Children-No.9_EN_081710.pdf,
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