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1 in 5   Worldwide, 1 in 5 workers and their families are living in extreme poverty.

Millennium Development Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

Target 1B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people


Indicator 1.6: Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day


A slowdown in progress against poverty is reflected in the number of working poor. According to the International Labour Organization, one in five workers and their families worldwide were living in extreme poverty (on less than $1.25 per person per day) in 2009. This represents a sharp decline in poverty from a decade earlier, but also a flattening of the slope of the working poverty incidence curve beginning in 2007.

The estimated rate for 2009 is 1.6 percentage points higher than the rate projected on the basis of the pre-crisis trend. While this is a crude estimate, it amounts to about 40 million more working poor at the extreme $1.25 level in 2009 than would have been expected on the basis of pre-crisis trends.

Source: The Millennium Development Goals Report 2011

Reference:, p. 10