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30     More than a quarter of the population in several Sub-Saharan African countries spends more than half an hour per round trip to collect water.

 
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
 

Target 7C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

 
Research has shown that those spending more than half an hour per round trip progressively collect less water, and eventually fail to meet their families’ minimum daily drinking-water needs. Additionally, the economic costs of having to make multiple trips per day to collect drinking-water are enormous.

An analysis of MICS and DHS surveys conducted over the past four years shows that water collection trips of over 30 minutes are most prevalent in Africa as well as in arid countries outside of Africa, such as Mongolia and Yemen. In various countries, most notably in Eastern Africa, more than a quarter of the population spends more than half an hour per round trip to collect water.
 

Source: WHO: Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water, 2010

Reference: http://www.childinfo.org/files/WatSan_JMP_report_2010.pdf, p.28