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1 in 6    Approximately 1 in every 6 child deaths in Africa was due to malaria in 2008.

Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

Target 4A: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate


Indicator 4.1: Under-five mortality rate


Malaria poses a tremendous public health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2009 there were 225 million malaria episodes, leading to approximately 781,000 malaria deaths.


While malaria is endemic within most tropical and subtropical regions of the world, 90 per cent of all malaria deaths currently occur in sub-Saharan Africa, and most of these deaths are among children under five years of age. Approximately 1 in every 6 child deaths (16 per cent) in Africa is due to malaria.




Source: WHO, World Malaria Report 2009; and WHO, The global burden of disease: 2004 update.


Reference:, p. 8